Nyunmiti Burton (b. 1960) is an artist, teacher and community leader from Amata in the Aṉangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) Lands, a community situated south of Uluru close to the Northern Territory border, in northern South Australia. Born in Alice Springs and having grown up in Pukatja (Ernabella), Burton moved to Amata aged twenty where she took up the role of Aboriginal Education Worker. She subsequently became a qualified teacher and spent many years working at the Amata School.

Today, Burton is a senior Pitjantjatjara woman – a desert matriarch. A leader in her community, she is the currentVice Chairperson of Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (NPY) Women’s Council, she teaches Pitjantjatjara at the University of South Australia and is a co-director of the APY Art Centre Collective. Alongside her advocacy work and cultural leadership, Burton is a highly esteemed artist whose large-scale canvases depict her country and Tjukurpa (ancestral law, culture and creation stories) in bold swathes of colour. “Many, many years I’ve been working as a teacher…then I chose to come to work at Tjala Arts [the art centre]… Every day I came to do painting because I’ve got in my head Tjurkupa– that’s all I’m doing.”[1]

[1]Nyunmiti Burton, Radio National, “Beneath the canvas of Tjala Arts”, 14 July, 2015, 15:38 mins

Articles and Books

Cumpston, Nici. Tarnanthi 2021. Adelaide: Art Gallery of South Australia. 2021

Ed. Wattler, Anna. Kuḻaṯa Tjuṯa. Adelaide: Government of South Australia, Art Gallery of South Australia, APY Art Centre Collective. 2020.

Stories from Our Spirit: Nyunmiti Burton, Sylvia Ken, Barbara Moore. Parap, Northern Territory: Outstation, 9 – 30 March, 2019. Exhibition catalogue.

Syron, Mikele. “APY Lands artist Nyunmiti Burton wins Telstra NATSIAA People’s Choice award.SBS. 29 Jan, 2021.

Websites

Art Gallery of New South Wales. “Nyunmiti Burton: Seven Sisters.” 2020.

APY Art Centre Collective. “Nyunmiti Burton.” Accessed 28 September, 2021.

Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Women’s Council. “Nyunmiti Burton”. Accessed 28 September, 2021.

Videos, Podcasts and Audio

Radio National. “Beneath the canvas of Tjala Arts.” 14 July, 2015. 15:38 mins.

When I paint, I think about my country… I think about the past and about the future. I think about my ngura [land/home], where me, my children and grandchildren live. I think about the stories my father and grandparents shared with us. And I also think about my children and grandchildren’s future, the next generation
Nyunmiti Burton, Stories from Our Spirit: Nyunmiti Burton, Sylvia Ken, Barbara Moore, Parap, Northern Territory: Outstation, 9 – 30 March, 2019, exhibition catalogue, p5
Nyunmiti Burton with Kungkarangkalpa – Seven Sisters, 2020, Adelaide

Nyunmiti Burton with Kungkarangkalpa – Seven Sisters, 2020, Adelaide; photo: APY Art Centre Collective.

Burton learnt Kungkarangkalpa from her own mother. She has early recollections of her mother dancing and her father singing. Recall your earliest memory of a parent or grandparent. Write this memory down and now create a drawing to complement your written recall.

Think about a tradition or belief that your parents or grandparents have passed down in your family. What are some things that are unique to your family? Create a painting that will help to keep your family tradition or belief strong for future generations.

Read a well-known creation story as a class. While listening to the narrator, create an illustration to accompany this story.

Kungkarangkalpa – Seven Sisters

Nyunmiti Burton, Pitjantjatjara people, South Australia, born 1960, Mparntwe (Alice Springs), Northern Territory, Kungkarangkalpa- Seven Sisters, 2020, Adelaide, synthetic polymer paint on linen, 290.0 x 290.0 cm; Gift of Anna Baillie-Karas, Mary Choate, Amanda Harkness, Jacqui McGill, Peter and Pamela McKee, Zena Winser through the Art Gallery of South Australia Foundation 20th Anniversary Collectors Club 2020, Art Gallery of South Australia, Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide, © Nyunmiti Burton | APY Art Centre Collective, photo: Grant Hancock.

In Kungkarangkalpa – Seven Sisters (2020) Burton paints the ancestral story of the Seven Sisters, a significant Tjukurpathat describes the intergenerational strength of Aṉangu women learning from and protecting one another. Based on two star constellations, the Seven Sisters (Pleiades) are chased by a trickster (Orion) across the land and into the night sky. It is the knowledge and wisdom of the eldest sister that stewards the sisters to safety:

This is the oldest sister, and her leadership guided the other sister away from the dangers of the world. The oldest sister made sure that the seven sisters stayed together and that no one was left behind. The oldest sister protected everyone and made sure all the women were safe. This was the oldest sister’s story and it is the story of all Aboriginal women leaders in Australia today. [1]

Burton learnt Kungkarangkalpa from her own mother. She has early recollections of her mother dancing while her father sang,together performing inma – a complex ceremonial practice for teaching ancestral stories and cultural law through language, song, dance and body paint.

For Burton, painting, as well as singing whilst painting, is key to the transmission of Tjukurpa. It maintains the strength of Aṉangu culture and knowledge. With a bold, brilliant palette and overwhelming scale – the canvas spans nearly three by three metres – Kungkarangkalpa – Seven Sisters isnot just a powerful creation story performed and passed down for thousands of generations, but also a morality tale for today. Burton’s own role as a senior woman and cultural leader is reflected in her transcription of Kungkarangkalpainto paint:

The Seven Sisters story has always been important for Aṉangu women and it is more important today than ever before. It is a story that celebrates women’s leadership. I am proud of my leadership role. This is very serious work.

The spirit of our ancestors watches over us as we celebrate our culture. When I paint my Tjukurpa, when I sing the songs of my Country, I feel the spirit of the ancestors watching me. The women leaders of the Lands who went before us sing alongside the women of today.[2]

[1]Nyunmiti Burton, Art Gallery of New South Wales, “Nyunmiti Burton: Seven Sisters”, 2020

[2]Nyunmiti Burton in Tarnanthi 2021,. Adelaide: Art Gallery of South Australia, 2021, p44, and Kuḻaṯa Tjuṯa, Adelaide: Government of South Australia, Art Gallery of South Australia, APY Art Centre Collective, 2020, p70.

Do you think you are looking up at the sky or down at the earth in this painting?

Imagine this large-scale colourful painting was printed onto a postcard that you could send to a friend who hasn’t seen the painting before. What would you write about this work of art? How could you describe it so that the reader could get a sense of is scale and fiery palette?

Burton explains that the Seven Sisters story celebrates women’s leadership as well as a morality tale. Locate another work of art by a female Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander artist that celebrates women’s leadership.

Compare Kungkarangkalpa by Burton to Seven Sistas Sign by Kaylene Whiskey. Both works of art are about the Seven Sisters. Make a list of all the things that are similar and different about these works.

You and your family are taking a trip to the central desert of Australia, where artists Nyunmiti Burton and Kaylene Whiskey are from. Research what the environment is like here, including climate, flora and fauna. What items will you need to take with you and what do you hope to see?

Kaylene Whiskey, Yankunytjatjara people, South Australia, born Mparntwe (Alice Springs), Northern Territory 1976, Seven Sistas Sign, 2021, Indulkana, South Australia, water-based enamel paint on SA Tourist Attraction road sign, 75.0 x 270.0 x 3.0 cm; Courtesy the artist and Iwantja Arts.

According to the story, the oldest sister ran with the young sisters escaping the dangers – she showed them how to escape by running into the night sky.

Research ways the knowledge of astronomy has been used by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people throughout history.

- Read the article ‘why do different cultures see such similar meanings in the constellations'

- Watch ‘Ancient astronomy and modern technology combine to tell stories of the night sky’

- Explore other artists in AGSA’s collection whose works of art are informed by astronomy such as Badger Bates, Tjampawa Katie Kawiny,Gabriella Possum Nungurrayi, Minimini Mamarika, Rover Thomasand Gulumbu Yunupingu.

The Seven Sisters story teaches women about the importance of caring for each other. Think of a female figure in your life who cares for you – they may also look out for you like the eldest sister in the Seven Sisters story. Write a letter to this person expressing your gratitude or respect for this person.

Make a list of some dangerous things you need to be mindful of. For example, you may need to be careful crossing the road or walking while texting. Create a painting that warns people about a dangerous situation.

Kungkarangkalpa is a story of leadership and female wisdom and power. Research a female leader in your community. Create a work of art that celebrates this person and their characteristics as a leader.

Burton's Kungkarangkalpa is made up of red, orange, black and purple. Create a large-scale painting that captures a story about the place where you live using only four colours.

Tarnanthi is presented by the Art Gallery of South Australia with Principal Partner BHP and support from the Government of South Australia

The Gallery’s Learning programs are supported by the Department for Education.

This education resource has been developed and written in collaboration Dr. Belinda Howden, Kylie Neagle and Dr. Lisa Slade.